Hypotension and low blood pressure – a condition in which blood pressure below 100/60 mm Hg. Art. Hypotension often affects people with asthenic body composition : tall and thin, with pale skin.
Low pressure can be diagnosed in young and elderly people. Hypotension occurs for various reasons, in some cases reduced the systolic and diastolic blood pressure is normal.
Many patients in which observed hypotension, interested in the question of what to do in this case. After all, low blood pressure is characterized by unpleasant symptoms, from which you want to get rid fast.
Hypotension: Symptoms pathology
f the patient has reduced the upper (heart) or lower (kidney) blood pressure, it can be confusing symptoms such as fatigue, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, numbness in the fingers. There is a sensitivity to bright light and loud noises, impairment of memory, attention and performance.
When hypertension is often cold extremities, muscle weakness occurs, the response to cold or heat. Other symptoms may be concerned about nausea (especially transport), low body temperature, digestive disorders, tinnituss.
In cases of particularly dangerous at low pressure may be unconscious condition that requires medical attention.
Low pressure: why there is such a condition?
What are the causes of low blood pressure? There are several of them. Hypotension may occur due to stress, chronic fatigue, depression, due to the insufficient intake of vitamins (B, E, C) depletion.
Such diseases as anemia, low back pain, disorders of the endocrine system, some infectious diseases, dystonia (hypotonic type), tuberculosis, stomach ulcers can also cause low blood pressure.
Some drugs (used to treat cardiovascular diseases, hypertension) can provoke lowering of blood pressure.
In some cases, hypotension is determined by genetic predisposition.
Sometimes, low blood pressure is the physiological norm, usually such people show no pathological symptoms, and they feel good. In such cases no treatment is needed.
Low blood pressure: what to do?
What to do if you often have low blood pressure? Of course, to avoid diseases must always make an appointment to see a doctor. But if you listen to your body and perform some simple tips, you can greatly improve your condition.
First, people who are prone to low blood pressure and thus do not feel well, avoid stress and nervous strain.
Secondly, you must listen to your body during a change in the weather: it is the people with low blood pressure often have increased meteosensitivity, they quickly overheat in the sun, supercooled rapidly at low temperatures.
Nutrition surveillance will also help get rid of unpleasant symptoms. Make sure that your diet is balanced and adequate in calories. Avoid diets and hungry days. Eat a sufficient amount of vitamins, folic acid, iron (baker’s yeast, animal by-products, egg yolk, chicken, beans, cabbage, spinach, beets, carrots, greens).
People with hypertension can and should drink coffee in the morning, strong tea, hot chocolate – it will raise the pressure. But do not overdo it – all should be in moderation.
Sleep should be at least 8-9 hours a day, if you do not get enough sleep – go to sleep earlier . Lack of sleep leads to a decrease in pressure and cause unpleasant symptoms.
It is very important to lead an active lifestyle, to move a lot, play sports (water sports, cycling, volleyball, basketball).
Good coaches vessels and normalizes blood pressure douches and other tempering procedures.
Be sure to visit the open air: all the cells of the body saturated with oxygen, improves the function of the cardiovascular system.
Also in the fight against hypotension come to the aid of therapeutic and preventive massage, breathing exercises.
If you suddenly became ill from a sharp decrease in pressure, you need to sit down and lower his head as low as possible between your knees: it will increase the blood flow to the vessels of the head and you will feel better. You can go with raised upside down. An acute feeling better call the doctor.
If low blood pressure is constantly bothering you, and you feel bad, you need to seek medical help and get tested.
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