The operating principle of the drug
Keftab is a cephalosporin antibiotic. The drug stops the growth, kills and fights of some bacteria in the body. Usually, this medicine is used to treat many kinds of infections (including upper respiratory infections, skin infections, ear infections, and urinary tract infections). It will not work for colds, flu, or other viral infections.
Commercial name: Keflex, Apo-Cephalex, Biocef, Cefanox, Ceforal, Cephalobus, Cephalexin, Cephorum, Ceporex, Cilex, Ialex, Ibilex, Kefexin, Keflet, Rekosporin, Keforal, Keftab, Keftal, Lopilexin, Larixin, Novo-Lexin, Ospexin , Tenkorex, Zephalexin, Panixine Disperdose, Rancef, Sialexin, Sporidex, Ulexin.
Product: 250 mg capsule, 500 mg capsule, granules for the preparation of 250mg / 5ml suspension 40g vial with measuring spoon.
It has a wide spectrum of action. Affects: Staphylococcus spp, Streptococcus spp. (Including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes), Corynebacterium diphtheriae; Gram-negative organisms – Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Shigella spp, Salmonella spp, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp… (Including Klebsiella pneumoniae), Moraxella catarrhalis, Proteus mirabilis; Treponema spp., Ray fungi.
Inside, for 30-60 minutes before meals, with water.
The average dose for adults and children over 10 years:
250 – 500 mg every 6 hours.
The daily dose should be at least 1.2 gram, it may be increased to four grams, if necessary.
The duration of treatment: 7-14 days.
Adult patients with impaired renal function: the daily dose is reduced to 1.5 grams per day or 0.5 g per day. The daily dose is divided into 4 doses.
Children under the age of 10: the preparation in the form of a suspension.
When a body weight < than 40 kg, the mean daily dose: 25-100 mg / kg body weight.
In otitis media: a dose of 75 mg / kg / day, number of intakes – 4 times per day.
When streptococcal pharyngitis, skin infections and soft tissues of the multiplicity of reception: 2 times a day.
In severe infections the daily dose can be increased to 100 mg / kg body weight and the multiplicity of reception – up to 6 times per day.
Allergic reactions: rash, urticaria, angioedema, erythema. Rarely – eosinophilia, toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, anaphylactic shock.
From the digestive system: abdominal pain, dry mouth, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, chronic hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice, increase in liver transaminases and alkaline phosphatase, intestinal candidiasis, oral pseudomembranous enterocolitis.
From the nervous system: dizziness, weakness, headache, agitation, hallucinations, seizures.
With the genitourinary system: interstitial nephritis, itchy genitals and anus, vaginitis, vaginal candidiasis genitals.
From the side of hematopoiesis: leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia.
From the musculoskeletal system: arthralgia, arthritis.
Laboratory indicators: increase in prothrombin time.
- Children up to age 3 years (for capsules);
- Hypersensitivity (including to other beta-lactam antibiotics).
Precautions: renal failure, pseudomembranous colitis (in history), pregnancy, lactation, infancy (up to 6 months – for the suspension). You should consult with your doctor.
During pregnancy and lactation
Use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation is possible only after consultation with your doctor.
Sometimes, while taking the drug the patient should stop breast-feeding.
Symptoms: vomiting, nausea, epigastric pain, diarrhea, hematuria.
Treatment: activated carbon (more effective than lavage), maintaining the airway, monitoring- vital signs, blood gas, electrolyte balance.
You can buy the drug at the pharmacy. It requires a doctor’s consultation and prescription.