Macrobid oral: Drug Information, Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures

Drug Information

Macrobid treats transmissible diseases of urinary tracts such as pyelitis, cystitis and urethritis. This medicament was manufactured by the pharmaceutical incorporation of the global American multinational company Procter & Gamble. This drug comes in capsules; each capsule includes 100 milligram of the main component of the medicine. Macrobid is used for treatment of adults and children. The medicament is available only on prescription. Before beginning of taking this medicine, you should consult your specialist. Do not self-medicate.



Brand(s): Macrobid.

Manufacturer(s): Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA.

Clinico-pharmacological group: Macrobid belongs to the class of drugs of urinary anti-infectives (synthetic antibacterials). Therefore, this medicament usually helps to take prophylactic infection measures before urologic surgery.

Composition, structure and packing: The package of Macrobid includes capsules with dimensions of 20 millimeters. Each capsule consists 100 milligram of active ingredient. Color of the capsule’s shell is yellow and black. Each capsule has an imprinted signature “Macrobid”.

Basic ingredient: The main component of this drug is nitrofurantoin monohydrate. This ingredient is used for treatment of transmissible diseases of urinary tracts (pyelitis, cystitis, urethritis).

Other ingredients: This medicament also includes the next inactive components:

  • Corn starch;
  • Magnesium stearate
  • Compressible sugar;
  • Lactose;
  • Magnesium silicate;
  • Povidone.

The composition of the coating film: Shell of the capsule includes: titanium dioxide, edible gray ink and gelatin.


Before you begin to take this medicament, it is a good practice to consult your specialist. He or she will determine proper dosage for your organism. This medicament is taken by mouth during meal. Also you can take this drug with milk. As usual, dosage for adults and people who are over 12 years old: intake of 100-150 milligram 2 times a day. Duration of treatment is 6-8 days. The highest single dose for adults is 300 milligrams. The highest daily dose for adults is 600 milligrams. For children: 5-8 milligram for 1 kilogram of the child’s body. Children should take this drug 2 times a day. Do not self-medicate and take this drug without doctor’s prescription.


If you take Macrobid more than you need, immediately visit your specialist. He or she will help you to avoid the complications of disease. Symptoms of the overdose are vomiting and nausea. In order to avoid overdose, follow prescription and instructions of your doctor. In case of overdose you should drink much water for the effective excretion of this medicament.

Side effects

You should follow all instructions of your doctor for the avoidance of risk of getting side effects. Side effects which you can face: chest pain, dark urine, cough, cholestatic syndrome, nausea, vomiting, fever, itching, peripheral neuropathy, hoarseness, general weakness, arthralgia, myalgia, breathing problems, hives, asthenia, convulsions, skin rash, nystagmus, muscular aches, swelling of the body, swimming of the head, chills, drowse, headache, blindness, hepatitis, confusion, diarrhea, appetite loss, red skin, yellow eyes, yellow skin and blood vomiting. If you face with any above-mentioned symptoms of side effects – immediately visit your specials.

Indications for use

Macrobid is the drug which is used for treatment of transmissible diseases of urinary tracts such as pyelitis, cystitis and urethritis. Also this medicament helps to take prophylactic infection measures before urologic surgery. Do not take this drug without doctor’s prescription. Do not self-medicate.

Contra indications

Macrobid includes nitrofurantoin monohydrate. Therefore, this drug is forbidden for people who have hypersensitivity, chronic renal insufficiency, chronic second and third degree cardiac insufficiency, liver cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, acute porphyria, the tender age (less than 1 month). Also it is recommended to refrain from taking Macrobid during brestfeeding and pregnancy. In order to avoid complication of diseases, be careful and do not take this medicament if you have any contra indications.

Where to buy?

Procter & Gamble Pharmaceuticals Incorporation is a pharmaceutical part of very popular American multinational company-manufacturer of different products such as personal and household care products. Therefore, you can find medical products of this company at any pharmacy. However, if pharmacies in your city have no Macrobid on the market, you can make an order online. Sometimes buying in the Internet can be more beneficial as there are different sales and free shipping on the special sites.