Overweight provokes serious diseases. Obesity — weight gain, at which under the skin — on stomach, chest, back, thighs, buttocks — accumulates excess fat. The danger is that fat is stored not only under the skin, but also on the internal organs: heart, blood vessels, liver … The result — a predisposition to diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, fatty liver, arthritis, and other diseases.
First suffers from obesity — cardiovascular system : degenerative changes in the myocardium, atherosclerosis (vascular lesions), hypertension (high blood pressure) … Heart covered with a layer of fat, increased heart size (1.5-2 times more than the norm).
Because of irregularities in the cardiovascular system in patients with obesity shortness of breath, even with a small physical activity, reduced performance, increased blood pressure, are often short-term pain in the heart. These changes are reversible and decrease with weight loss.
Affected the circulatory system. Blood coagulation may increase, which leads to thrombus formation, disruption of the blood supply. Increased blood fat contributes to atherosclerosis. Cholesterol increased, especially with age.
With obesity disrupted respiratory system. Excess abdominal fat raises the diaphragm, prevents its movement. Lung capacity is significantly reduced as a result of border changes and compression of the lungs, violated the metabolic processes in the lung tissue, breathing becomes more difficult.
As a consequence of obesity pulmonary disturbed gas exchange, weakened ventilation. This leads to insufficient blood supply to the lung tissue, the defeat of microorganisms areas of the lung. Obese often suffer from severe colds (ARI, influenza, bronchitis, pneumonia …) and other respiratory diseases.
Significant excess weight can lead to curvature of the spine due to displacement of the center of gravity of the body.
Excessive nutrition causes an overload of the gastrointestinal tract, its anatomy change: increasing the size of the small intestine, its weight (on 20-40%). First, it leads to an improvement of digestion, then, conversely, to deteriorate. In more than 60% of obese develop chronic gastritis, frequent and other gastrointestinal diseases.
With obesity are common liver disease, excessive accumulation of fat in it (fatty liver). There are many cases of gallstone disease, inflammation of the gallbladder and bile duct, the formation of stones.
Obesity gives the body’s sensitivity to insulin, causes metabolic disturbance that leads to the development of diabetes. Obese people with weight loss for diabetes becomes more benign.
Often obese is poorly gonads. In women, the menstrual cycle is disrupted, even with regular cycle often there is no conception. Infertility affects more than half of women with obesity. In men, impotence is observed even at a young age.
The amount of water in the body of obese patients is usually much higher than normal. Disorder of Water metabolism is directly related to the degree of obesity and disease duration.
Metabolic disorders (protein, fat, carbohydrate, salt) leads to disturbances in the musculoskeletal system, the deposition of salts, pain in the joints, upper and lower extremities, spine.
So, obesity affects almost all organs and systems of the body.
Invented many ways to determine the optimal and excess weight. If your weight is different from these formulas to calculate the «ideal» weight by 5-10% in one way or another, it is most likely due to the normal and the individual characteristics of the body, you do not need to artificially reduce the weight: it can cause much more damage to health than «extra «couple of kilograms. Talk about obesity as a disease can only if the weight increased significantly.
In addition, in medicine use such medications to treat obesity , as Generic Xenical (Orlistat), for respiratory tract Generic Advair Diskus (Fluticasone-salmeterol), for gastrointestinal tract Generic Aciphex (Rabeprazole Sodium), for Cardiovascular Diseases Generic Aceon (Perindopril Erbumine) and others (which you can buy online through the Internet that will cost you cheap or with good discounts).