Scabies — parasitic skin disease characterized by intense itching at night, scratching and formation on the skin itch moves.
Scabies is caused by mites Sarcoptes scabiei. Most often, the infection occurs in close contact with the patient.
Cause of the disease
Scabies is caused female scabies mite. They reach a length of 0.3-0.4 mm and live about 1 month. Getting on the human skin, they accomplish the moves below the stratum corneum of the epidermis, laying 2-3 eggs daily. From the eggs hatch into larvae, which after 2-3 weeks turn into mature individuals
Scabies is only transmitted from person to person. Most often, the infection occurs in close contact with the patient. This is facilitated by overcrowding, unsanitary conditions and promiscuous. In rare cases, possible transmission through household items (bedding, towels, washcloth, etc.). Among children, the infection can be transmitted through the toys if they previously used by sick child.
Symptoms of scabies
Scabies can be suspected with a combination of intense pruritus, increasing at night or after a hot shower and a specific rash. On the skin can detect itch moves that look like thin winding strips 3-15 mm long with a small vesicles at the end. In addition to the rash itch moves can be represented by papules (small pimples) or small scaly plaques. Usually affects areas of the body with a thin skin: flexor surface of the wrist extensor surface of the forearm, elbow, lateral surface of the trunk, interdigital spaces, the skin in the crease under the breasts, vulva. In young children, noted a slightly different localization of scabies: it affects the inner edges of the feet, soles, palms, buttocks, face and scalp.
Itching is caused by an allergic reaction to the mite excrement. Severe itching that accompanies scabies comes to scratching and excoriation. Combing the skin, patients often drifts on inflamed skin additional bacterial infection. As a result, scabies can be complicated by a variety of pustular infections.
Diagnosis of scabies
An experienced doctor can make a diagnosis based solely on the symptoms of the disease, but in some cases to clarify the diagnosis requires microscopic examination. To do this, on the skin to itch stroke apply a drop of vaseline oil, and then do the scraping. In microscopy doctor finds mites, their droppings or eggs.
If scabies diagnosed in a family member, the rest is also desirable to be examined by a dermatologist.
The treatment of scabies
Spontaneously scabies never passes and can take many months and years, sometimes worsened. To cure the patient with scabies, enough to destroy mite and its eggs, which is easily achieved using local resources. Do not self-medicate and do not use folk remedies. Currently developed a number of effective drugs to combat these diseases. Consult a dermatologist and you will be assigned to appropriate treatment.
Also, be aware that the treatment of scabies is important to disinfect the fullest of your homes by special means. All the clothes of the patient, bed linen, children’s toys washed in hot water or subjected to boiling. Mattress, blanket and other things that can not be washed, disinfected in the disinfection chamber, hot iron or aerate in air for 5-7 days.
Used to treat scabies ointment containing permethrin, lindane, crotamiton, benzyl benzoate, sulfur and other. Before rubbing scabicide Patients are encouraged to take a hot shower, which promotes mechanical removal from the skin mites and loosening of the stratum corneum. In the presence of pustular skin diseases take a shower is not recommended. Antiscabietic rubbed into the skin of the trunk and limbs, especially carefully — in place of the localization of scabies. Also use such medications as Generic Acticin (Permethrin), Generic Elocon (Mometasone), Generic Aristocort (Triamcinolone), and others, which you can buy online through the Internet that will cost you cheap or with good discounts.