Parkinson’s Disease: Symptoms and Treatment

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive disease of the brain. Parkinson’s patients often suffer from involuntary limb tremor , muscle rigidity (stiffness), impaired coordination and speech, as well as have difficulties with movement. These symptoms usually develop after age 60, although there are cases of parkinsonism under the age of 50 years.

Parkinson’s disease — a progressive disease, ie, its symptoms and effects are exacerbated over time and deteriorate. However, in spite of the fact that ultimately leads to Parkinson’s disease, disability and loss of capacity, the disease progresses slowly, and even after diagnosis, most patients for many years can lead to a full life.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

The first symptoms of Parkinson’s disease is difficult to see — such as immobility hands when walking, slight tremor (shaking) in the fingers or minor speech disorders. Patients feel the devastation, lack of energy, likely to be depressed or suffer from insomnia. In addition, the usual things (shower, shaving, cooking, etc.) require a lot of effort and take more time.

Tremor. Tremor often begins with a light shake of hands or even individual fingers. Sometimes there and tremor of the lower limbs. These symptoms may be more pronounced on one side of the body or manifested symmetrically and combined with other symptoms of nervous system: impaired coordination, sensitivity and others. Tremor is particularly evident when the patient is in a state of stress. Although limb tremor causes considerable inconvenience, it does not lead to loss of capacity and disappears only when the patient is asleep. Many patients with Parkinson’s suffer from a slight tremor.

Slowness of movement (bradykinesia). Over time, Parkinson’s disease «acquires» new symptoms, including slowness , clumsiness and incoordination. Rigidity (stiffness) of the leg muscles can interfere with the movement, disturbed gait. This is particularly unfortunate given the difficulty performing simple actions. In some cases, even rigidity constrains movement and causes pain.

Loss of balance. Parkinsonism, especially in severe degrees, often accompanied by an inability to maintain balance. For many years, this problem is negligible and does not cause discomfort.

Loss of automatism movements. Winking, smiling and waving hands while walking — an automatic action of a normal organism that run on a subconscious level, and even besides of our desire. In patients with Parkinson’s this automatism of movements often disappears and sometimes disappears altogether. In some cases, in patients face steadfastly fixed expression close and intense attention, unblinking stare. In some patients, besides the facial expressions, lost the ability to gesticulation.

Many patients with Parkinson’s also suffer from speech disorders — it can become slightly modulated, illegible. The voice loses tone and becomes monotonous and quiet.

Violation of swallowing and salivation. This symptom occurs in the later stages of the disease, but, with few exceptions, patients with this symptom is still able independently to eat .


Dementia. A small percentage of Parkinson’s patients suffering from dementia — inability to think, understand and remember. This symptom also occurs in the later stages of the disease. Although dementia is often regarded as a manifestation of Alzheimer’s disease, it may be accompanied by other serious diseases, including Parkinson’s disease. In this case, the beginning of dementia indicates slowing of thought processes and inability to concentrate.

Causes of Parkinson’s disease

According to scientists, Parkinson’s disease may develop as a result of an unfavorable combination of genetic and environmental factors. Certain drugs, disease and toxic substances may also produce clinical pattern similar to Parkinsonism.

A lot of medications taken for a long time or at high doses, can cause the symptoms of Parkinsonism.

Secondary parkinsonism may also be caused by an infectious, traumatic brain injuries, infections or drug treatment, as well as vascular or neoplastic diseases.

Treatment of Parkinson’s disease

In the treatment of Parkinson’s there are no universal schemes. Treatment program for each patient should be individualized, but rationally chosen regimen will ensure good results for a long time. The main drugs used in the treatment are : Generic Parlodel (Bromocriptine), Generic Artane (Trihexyphenidyl), Generic Requip (Ropinirole), Generic Eldepryl (Selegiline) and others (which you can buy online through the Internet that will cost you cheap or with good discounts). Previously, surgical treatment of Parkinson’s disease (surgery to destroy parts of the brain responsible for muscle rigidity and tremor), now is almost never used.

This is explained, in particular, is quite successful use of apiotherapy , the progress of which has in recent years. In recent years in abroad (Germany, Japan, China, UAE, USA) have found new methods of rehabilitation of patients with neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. These include the treatment of stinging bees in biologically active points. This technique provides a very high percentage of fast and effective rehabilitation of patients with this pathology.

Initially determined toxin tolerance and individual sensitivity of the patient to apitoxin. Then the doctor selects the treatment regimen individually tailored neurological manifestations of Parkinson’s disease. The improvement in these patients occurs in a shorter time than in the treatment of chemotherapy. Especially effective joint applying of apiotherapy and the use of bee products (royal jelly, pollen, propolis).