Ovral is combination of hormones used as a contraception medication. Therapeutic
Estrogens, progestins; antagonists, and their homologs in combinations.
Indications for use
Climacteric disorders in pre- and postmenopausal periods. Climacteric syndrome (manifested by «tides», increased sweating, sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, forgetfulness, post-menopausal osteoporosis, degenerative changes in the skin and mucous membranes: brittle nails, thinning of the skin, wrinkles, dryness of mucous membranes of the urinary organs). Estrogen deficiency (ovariectomy on the non-malignant diseases or after radiation castration); dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea (primary and secondary). Prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis (belonging to the European or Asian race, stunting, underweight, early menopause, family history of osteoporosis, insufficient intake of Ca2 + from food, lack of exercise, smoking, abuse of ethanol).
Ovral is combination of hormones used as a contraception medication.
Hypersensitivity, pregnancy, lactation, liver failure, congenital hyperbilirubinemia (Gilbert syndrome, Dubin-Johnson and Rotor), liver tumors (hemangioma, liver cancer), thromboembolism (including history and an increased risk of its development), cerebrovascular blood flow (ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke), diabetes mellitus, retinopathy, angiopathy, sickle cell anemia, breast cancer and endometrial disorders of lipid metabolism, idiopathic jaundice or pruritus during a previous pregnancy, otosclerosis with deterioration of hearing during pregnancy, metrorrhagia of unknown etiology.
Diseases of the liver and gall bladder, hypertension, epilepsy, depression, ulcerative colitis, uterine fibroids, breast disease, chorea, tetany, porphyria, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis, kidney disease.
Inside, 1 tablet per day. Treatment starts with 5 days of the menstrual cycle (day 1 cycle — is 1 day of menstrual bleeding) and continue for 25 day cycle. Drops are taking in the same hours, after lunch or dinner, not liquid, squeezed small amounts of liquid.
Side effect. Headache, gastralgia, nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, weight gain, mood changes, swelling of the eyelids, skin rash, conjunctivitis, blurred vision, discomfort while wearing contact lenses, decreased libido, decreased hearing, thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, generalized itching, jaundice, intermenstrual bleeding. With long-term treatment — chloasma.