Ventolin Uses

Mode of action — bronchodilatory.

Therapeutic

Bronchodilator agent — selective beta2-agonists [beta-adrenergic agonist]

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Nosological classification (ICD-10)

Chronic bronchitis J42 Unspecified
J44 Other chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
J45 Asthma
J45.0 Asthma with a predominance of allergic component
Non-allergic asthma J45.1
J98.8.0 * bronchospasm

Structure and Composition


Aerosol for inhalation dose 1 dose
Active ingredient:
salbutamol sulphate 120.5 mg
(equivalent to 100 mcg salbutamol)
Excipients: tetrafluoroethane — 1 dose

aerosol aluminum cylinder (complete with a dosing device); In the paper cartons 1 cylinder.

The drug forms

Aerosol for inhalation dose: aluminum inhaler equipped with a metering device with a plastic protective cap, containing a suspension of white or nearly white.

Salbutamol is a selective β2-adrenergic receptor agonist. At therapeutic doses it acts on the β2-adrenergic receptors of the smooth muscles of the bronchi. Okazyvetsya negligible effect (or no effect) on the β1-adrenergic receptors of the myocardium. The drug has a bronchodilator effect of preventing or arresting bronchospasm. The drug reduces the resistance in the airways and increases lung capacity. It increases mucociliary clearance (with chronic bronchitis to 36%), stimulates mucus secretion, activates the function of the ciliated epithelium.

When it is necessary to take

  • Asthma
  • Acute asthma, including an exacerbation of asthma severe;
  • Prevention of attacks of bronchospasm associated with exposure to the allergen or exercise-induced;
  • Used as a component in long-term maintenance treatment of asthma;
  • COPD is accompanied by reversible airway obstruction;
  • Chronic bronchitis.

Contraindications

  • Hypersensitivity to any component of the formulation;
  • management of preterm labor;
  • threatened abortion;
  • Children under 2 years of age.

Precautions

Tachyarrhythmia, myocarditis, valvular heart disease, aortic stenosis, coronary artery disease, severe congestive heart failure, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, pheochromocytoma, decompensated diabetes, glaucoma, epipripadki, kidney or liver failure, concomitant use of nonselective β-blockers, pregnancy, lactation.

Side effects

Immune system: very rarely — hypersensitivity reactions, including angioedema, urticaria, bronchospasm, hypotension and collapse.

On the part of metabolism: rarely — hypokalemia (β2-agonist therapy may result in significant hypokalemia); very rarely — lactic acidosis. Very rare cases of lactic acidosis have been reported in patients who received salbutamol / Ventolin Nebula and in the treatment of exacerbations of asthma.

From the nervous system: often — tremor, headache; very rarely — hyperactivity.

From the CCC: often — tachycardia; sometimes — palpitations (pulsation, palpitation); rarely — increased peripheral blood vessels; very rarely — arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia and extrasystoles.

The respiratory system, organs of the chest and mediastinum: very rarely — paradoxical bronchospasm.

From the digestive tract: sometimes — irritation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat.

From the musculoskeletal system: sometimes — muscle cramps.

Method of use and dosage

Inhalation. It is not recommended to use an inhaler Ventolin® more than 4 times per day. The need for frequent use of the maximum dose Ventolina® or a sudden increase in dose indicates a worsening of the disease.

Adults

(including elderly patients):

Bronchospasm cupping: the recommended dose is 100-200 mg (1-2 inhalation).

Preventing episodes of bronchospasm associated with exposure to the allergen or exercise-induced: the recommended dose — 200 mg (2 inhalations) for 10-15 minutes before exposure to a provoking factor. Buy ventolin nebules online uk.

Long-term maintenance therapy: the recommended dose — up to 200 mcg (2 inhalations) 4 times per day.

Children

Bronchospasm cupping: the recommended dose is 100-200 mg (1-2 inhalation).

Preventing episodes of bronchospasm associated with exposure to the allergen or exercise-induced: the recommended dose — 100-200 mg (1-2 inhalation) for 10-15 minutes before exposure to a provoking factor.

Long-term maintenance therapy: the recommended dose — 200 mg (2 inhalations) 4 times per day. Ventolin can be administered via a spacer Bebihaler. Can you buy ventolin in dubai?

Cleaning the inhaler: inhaler should be cleaned at least 1 time per week.