Proventil is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease.
Indications of Proventil
Inside — bronchospastic syndrome, asthma (including nocturnal — Extended form) — prevention and cupping, COPD (including chronic bronchitis, emphysema).
Parenteral — bronchospastic syndrome (mild).
Parenteral followed by transfer to a reception inside): threatening preterm labor with the emergence of contractile activity; cervical incompetence; fetal bradycardia (depending on uterine contractions during periods of uterine cervix and expulsion of disclosure); surgery on the pregnant uterus (the imposition of a circular weld with insufficient internal uterine mouth).
Pharmacological groups: the treatment of bronchospasm with reversible obstruction of the airways, increasing the maximum airflow during exhalation in infants with RDS, increase ventilation when bronchopulmonary dysplasia in newborns. The drug can be used in the treatment of hyperkalemia.
Proventil (albuterol) is a bronchodilator that relaxes muscles in the airways and increases air flow to the lungs.
Contraindications of Proventil
Hypersensitivity, pregnancy (when used as a bronchodilator), lactation, infancy (younger than 6 years — for tablets under 2 years — for the oral solution and syrup).
For in / in the introduction as antioxytocic (optional) — the birth canal infection, intrauterine fetal death, fetal malformations, bleeding, placenta previa or premature detachment of the placenta; threatening miscarriage (in the I-II trimester) .C caution. Tachyarrhythmia, severe heart failure, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, tachyarrhythmia, pheochromocytoma, pregnancy, lactation, ischemic heart disease (angina, myocardial infarction), myocarditis, heart defects, aortic stenosis, diabetes, epilepsy, convulsions, stenosis of the gastrointestinal tract (including pyloroduodenal).
Side effects of Proventil
Often — palpitations, tachycardia (during pregnancy — the mother and fetus), headache, tremor, nervousness;
less often — dizziness, insomnia, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, sweating;
rarely — allergic reactions (hives, skin rash, angioedema, paradoxical bronchospasm, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, arrhythmia, chest pain, hypokalemia, neuropsychiatric disorders (including psychomotor agitation, disorientation, impaired memory, aggressiveness, panic attacks, hallucinations, suicidal attempts, schizophreniform disorders, urinary retention.
Overdose of Proventil
Symptoms of acute poisoning: angina pectoris, tachycardia (a heart rate of 200 beats per minute), palpitations, arrhythmia, dizziness, dry mouth, fatigue, headache, hyperglycemia (replaced by hypoglycaemia), reduced, or increased blood pressure, hypokalemia, insomnia, malaise, nausea , nervousness, convulsions, tremor.
Treatment: symptomatic, with an overdose of tablet forms of the drug — gastric lavage, if tachyarrhythmias enter cardioselective beta-blockers (with caution because of the risk of bronchospasm).
Dosage of Proventil
When using a nebulizer: 0.1-0.5 mg / kg (at least 2.5 mg) as necessary every 2-6 hours.
Inhalation 90 mcg / spray: 1-2 clicking on the dispenser as needed every 2-6 hours.